Overbite Vs Underbite – Causes and Treatment Options

Overbite and underbite are commonly heard, but what exactly do they mean? These two conditions describe the alignment of your upper and lower teeth and can have varying effects on your oral health. Let’s explore Overbite vs Underbite and unravel the mysteries of Overbite vs Underbite.

Overbite Vs Underbite

What is an Overbite?

An overbite occurs when the upper front teeth overlap significantly with the lower front teeth. This condition is common and often hereditary. Some overbites may not cause any issues, but severe cases can lead to problems such as jaw pain, difficulty chewing, and even speech impediments.

Causes of Overbite

  1. Genetics: As mentioned, genetics play a significant role in the development of an overbite. If your parents or grandparents have an overbite, there’s a higher chance that you might develop one too.
  2. Thumb Sucking: Prolonged thumb sucking or pacifier use during childhood can push the teeth forward, contributing to the development of an overbite.
  3. Jaw Irregularities: Irregularities in the size or shape of the jaw bones can lead to an overbite. This can be due to abnormal growth patterns or skeletal discrepancies.

Treatment Options for Overbite

  1. Orthodontic Treatment: Braces or clear aligners are commonly used to gradually shift the teeth into the correct position and correct the overbite.
  2. Surgery: In severe cases where orthodontic treatment is insufficient, jaw surgery may be recommended to reposition the jaw bones.

Related Article: How To Fix An Overbite with Braces? Type, Causes, and Solution

What is an Underbite?

An underbite occurs when the lower teeth protrude beyond the upper teeth when the jaw is closed. This misalignment can affect both the appearance and function of the teeth and jaws, and cause issues in difficulty chewing, jaw pain, and speech problems.

Causes of Underbite

  1. Genetics: Like overbites, underbites can also be hereditary. One or both of your parents have an underbite.
  2. Childhood Habits: Certain childhood habits like prolonged bottle feeding or using a pacifier can contribute to the development of an underbite.
  3. Abnormal Jaw Growth: Irregularities in the growth of the upper or lower jaw bones can result in an underbite. This can be due to genetic factors or developmental abnormalities.

Treatment Options for Underbite

  1. Orthodontic Treatment: Similar to overbites, orthodontic appliances such as braces or clear aligners can correct an underbite by gradually moving the teeth into the proper position.
  2. Jaw Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to reposition the jaw bones and correct the alignment.

Related Article: Overbite vs Underbite vs Normal – Treatment Options

Bottom Line

Overbites vs underbites may seem like mere cosmetic concerns. Whether you’re dealing with an overbite or an underbite, seeking timely treatment from a qualified orthodontist is essential to address the issue effectively. By understanding the causes and treatment options for these conditions, you can take proactive steps toward achieving a healthier, more aligned smile.

Share on Social Media